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Our updated, crowd-sourced list of resources for journalists contains some of the best books and articles about the biggest issues journalism faces. It includes essential data and research reading on the role of journalism in politics, its impact on society, pressures on journalism, and the future of the industry. The first items in each of the categories are suggested starting points. You'll find further readings at the bottom of the page.

This reading list is curated by Meera Selva, Director of our Journalist Fellowship Programme, Rasmus Kleis Nielsen, Director of the Reuters Institute, and our Research Fellows J. Scott Brennen and Joy Jenkins, and is the result of suggestions from our staff and researchers, our Journalist Fellows, and all the academics, journalists, and others who have provided us with ideas from our open call. Thanks to everyone who has made this possible.

1. Some classic big ideas on journalism
2. What is journalism and news?
3. Audience behaviour
4. Trust and the news media
  • O’Neill, O. (2002). A question of trust. Reith Lectures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Also available here)
  • Hanitzsch, T., Van Dalen, A., & Steindl, N. (2017). Caught in the nexus: A comparative and longitudinal analysis of public trust in the press. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 23(1), 3-23.
  • Ladd, J. M. (2012). Why Americans hate the media and how it matters. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
5. Inequality and polarisation in news use
6. Framing and media effects
7. Relations between reporters and officials
8. News, race, and recognition
9. Women and journalism
10. The business of news
11. Innovation in the media
12. Platform companies and news media
13. Digital media and technology
14. Misinformation
15. Democracy, journalism, and media
16. Censorship and propaganda
17. International/comparative research including examples of work on a specific country
18. Media and race: the case of the US
19. Media policy
20. Local journalism
Further suggested readings
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  • Aelst, Peter Van, and Stefaan Walgrave. 2011. “Minimal or Massive? The Political Agenda-Setting Power of the Mass Media According to Different Methods.” The International Journal of Press/Politics 16 (3): 295–313.
  • Aelst, Peter Van, Jesper Strömbäck, Toril Aalberg, Frank Esser, Claes de Vreese, Jörg Matthes, David Hopmann, et al. 2017. ‘Political Communication in a High-Choice Media Environment: A Challenge for Democracy?’ Annals of the International Communication Association 41 (1): 3–27.
  • Ananny, Mike, and Kate Crawford. 2016. “Seeing without Knowing: Limitations of the Transparency Ideal and Its Application to Algorithmic Accountability.” New Media & Society, December.
  • Bennett, W. Lance, and Alexandra Segerberg. 2012. “The Logic of Connective Action.” Information, Communication & Society 15 (5): 739–68.
  • Boyle, M. P. (2012). Soundbitten: The perils of media-centered political activism. Political Science Quarterly127(3), 492-494.
  • Clerwall, C. (2014). Enter the robot journalist. Journalism Practice, 8(5), 519–31.
  • Cohen, N. S. (2015). Entrepreneurial journalism and the precarious state of media work. South Atlantic Quarterly114(3), 513-533.
  • Cornia, A., Sehl, A., & Nielsen, R. K. (2018). ‘We no longer live in a time of separation’: A comparative analysis of how editorial and commercial integration became a norm. Journalism,
  • Creech, B., & Nadler, A. M. (2018). Post-industrial fog: Reconsidering innovation in visions of journalism’s future. Journalism19(2), 182-199.
  • Cushion, S., Lewis, J., & Callaghan, R. (2017). Data journalism, impartiality and statistical claims: Towards more independent scrutiny in news reporting. Journalism Practice11(10), 1198-1215.
  • Darling-Wolf, F., & Mendelson, A. L. (2008). Seeing themselves through the lens of the other: An analysis of the cross-cultural production and negotiation of National Geographic’s “The Samurai Way” story. Journalism & Communication Monographs10(3), 285-322.
  • Deuze, M., & Witschge, T. (2018). Beyond journalism: Theorizing the transformation of journalism. Journalism19(2), 165-181.
  • Ekdale, B., Singer, J. B., Tully, M., & Harmsen, S. (2015). Making change: Diffusion of technological, relational, and cultural innovation in the newsroom. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly92(4), 938-958.
  • Ekdale, B., Tully, M., Harmsen, S., & Singer, J. B. (2015). Newswork within a culture of job insecurity: Producing news amidst organizational and industry uncertainty. Journalism Practice9(3), 383-398.
  • Fahmy, S., & Neumann, R. (2012). Shooting war or peace photographs? An examination of newswires’ coverage of the conflict in Gaza (2008-2009). American Behavioral Scientist56(2), NP1-NP26.
  • Ferrer-Conill, R., & Tandoc, E. C. (2018). The audience-oriented editor. Digital Journalism, 6(4), 436-53.
  • Galtung, J., & Ruge, M. H. (1965). The structure of foreign news: The presentation of the Congo, Cuba and Cyprus crises in four Norwegian newspapers. Journal of Peace Research2(1), 64-90.
  • Gamson, W. A., Croteau, D., Hoynes, W., & Sasson, T. (1992). Media images and the social construction of reality. Annual Review of Sociology, 18(1), 373-393. doi:10.1146/
  • Grafton, A. (2002). How revolutionary was the print revolution? The American Historical Review107(1), 84-86.
  • Hanitzsch, T., Van Dalen, A., & Steindl, N. (2017). Caught in the nexus: A comparative and longitudinal analysis of public trust in the press. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 23(1), 3-23.
  • Harcup, T., & O’Neill, D. (2001). What Is news? Galtung and Ruge revisited. Journalism Studies, 2(2), 261-80.
  • Harcup, Tony, and Deirdre O’Neill. 2017. “What is News? News values revisited (again)” Journalism Studies 18 (12): 1470–88.
  • Heise, N., Loosen, W., Reimer, J., & Schmidt, J. H. (2014). Including the audience: Comparing the attitudes and expectations of journalists and users towards participation in German TV news journalism. Journalism Studies15(4), 411-430.
  • Josephi, B., & Oller Alonso, M. (2018). Re-examining age: Journalism’s reliance on the young. Journalism, doi: 1464884918800077.
  • Jungherr, A. (2016). Four functions of digital tools in election campaigns: The German case. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 21(3), 358-77.
  • Karlsson, M., and Clerwall, C. (2018). Transparency to the rescue?’ Journalism Studies, 19(13), 1923-33.
  • Kormelink, T. G., & Costera Meijer, I. (2017). What clicks actually mean: Exploring digital news user practices. Journalism, 19(5), 668-83.
  • Lamont, M. (2018). Addressing recognition gaps: Destigmatization and the reduction of inequality. American Sociological Review83(3), 419-444.
  • Lewis, J. (2006). News and the empowerment of citizens. European Journal of Cultural Studies9(3), 303-319.
  • Lewis, S. C. (2012). The tension between professional control and open participation: Journalism and its boundaries. Information, Communication & Society15(6), 836-866.
  • Lewis, S. C., Holton, A. E., & Coddington, M. (2014). Reciprocal journalism: A concept of mutual exchange between journalists and audiences. Journalism Practice8(2), 229-241.
  • Loosen, W., Reimer, J., & De Silva-Schmidt, F. (2017). Data-driven reporting: An on-going (r)evolution? An analysis of projects nominated for the Data Journalism Awards 2013–2016. Journalism.
  • Lück, J., Wozniak, A., & Wessler, H. (2015). Networks of coproduction: How journalists and environmental NGOs create common interpretations of the UN climate change conferences. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 21(1), 25-47.
  • Macías, R. A. G. (2015). Investigative journalism in Mexico: Between ideals and realities: The case of
  • Morelia. Estudios sobre el Mensaje Periodístico. 22(2), 343-359.
  • Metzger, M. J., Flanagin, A. J., & Medders, R. B. (2010). Social and heuristic approaches to credibility evaluation online. Journal of Communication60(3), 413-439.
  • Örnebring, H. (2008). The consumer as producer—of what? User-generated tabloid content in The Sun (UK) and Aftonbladet (Sweden). Journalism Studies9(5), 771-785.
  • Örnebring, H. (2013). Anything you can do, I can do better? Professional journalists on citizen journalism in six European countries. International Communication Gazette75(1), 35-53
  • Sehl, A., Cornia, A., Graves, L., & Nielsen, R. K. (2018). Newsroom integration as an organizational challenge: Approaches of European public service media from a comparative perspective. Journalism Studies.
  • Singer, J. B. (2006). The socially responsible existentialist: A normative emphasis for journalists in a new media environment. Journalism Studies7(1), 2-18.
  • Tambini, D. (2010). What are financial journalists for?. Journalism Studies11(2), 158-174.
  • Thesen, G. (2018). News content and populist radical right party support. The case of Denmark. Electoral Studies, 56, 80-89.
  • Tuchman, G. (1972). Objectivity as strategic ritual: An examination of newsmen's notions of objectivity. American Journal of Sociology77(4), 660-679.
  • Turow, Joseph, and Nick Couldry. 2018. “Media as Data Extraction: Towards a New Map of a Transformed Communications Field.” Journal of Communication 68 (2): 415–23.
  • Van Dalen, A. (2012). The algorithms behind the headlines: How machine-written news redefines the core skills of human journalists. Journalism Practice6(5-6), 648-658.
  • Wahl-Jorgensen, K., et al. (2016). Rethinking balance and impartiality in journalism? How the BBC attempted and failed to change the paradigm. Journalism, 18(7), 781-800.
  • Wood, T., & Porter, E. (2016). The elusive backfire effect: Mass attitudes’ steadfast factual adherence. Political Behavior, 1-29.
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  • Alexander, J. C. (2010). The performance of politics: Obama's victory and the democratic struggle for power. Oxford University Press.
  • Altemeyer, B. (2018). The authoritarians. Retrieved from
  • Bowker, G. C., & Star, S. L. (2000). Sorting things out: Classification and its consequences. MIT Press.
  • Bunce, M., Franks, S., & Paterson, C. (Eds.). (2016). Africa’s media image in the 21st century: From the
  • “Heart of Darkness” to “Africa Rising.” Routledge.
  • Carpini, M. D. (2004). Mediating democratic engagement: The impact of communications on citizens’ involvement in political and civic life. In L. L. Kaid (Ed.), The handbook of political communication research (pp. 357-394). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Chadwick, Andrew. 2017. The Hybrid Media System: Politics and Power. Second Edition. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Clark, L. S., & Marchi, R. (2017). Young people and the future of news: Social media and the rise of connective journalism. Cambridge University Press (Chapter 3).
  • Daston, L. J., & Galison, P. (2007). Objectivity. MIT Press.
  • De Maupassant, G. (1885). Bel-Ami. Paris: Victor Havard.
  • Ettema, J. S., Glasser, T. L., & Glasser, T. (1998). Custodians of conscience: Investigative journalism and public virtue. Columbia University Press. (All but chapter 3)
  • Evans, H. (2017). Do I make myself clear?: Why writing well matters. London: Little, Brown.
  • Franklin, Bob. 2006. Local Journalism and Local Media: Making the Local News. Routledge.
  • Gillespie, Tarleton. 2018. Custodians of the Internet: Platforms, Content Moderation, and the Hidden Decisions That Shape Social Media. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Gitlin, T. (2003). The whole world is watching: Mass media in the making and unmaking of the New Left. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Hallin, D. C., & Mancini, P. (2004). Comparing media systems: Three models of media and politics. Cambridge University Press.
  • Hamilton, J. T. (2016). Democracy’s detectives. Harvard University Press.
  • Harris, R. (1994). The media trilogy. London: Faber & Faber.
  • Herman, E. S., & Chomsky, N. (2010). Manufacturing consent: The political economy of the mass media. Random House.
  • Hermida, Alfred. 2014. Tell Everyone: Why We Share and Why It Matters. Toronto: Doubleday Canada.
  • Hersh, E. D. (2015). Hacking the electorate: How campaigns perceive voters. Cambridge University Press.
  • Hopkins, D. J. The increasingly United States. University of Chicago Press.
  • Iyengar, S., & McGrady, J. A.  (2007). Media politics, A citizen’s guide. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. (Chapter 4)
  • Jenkins, H., Ford, S., & Green, J. (2013). Spreadable media: Creating value and meaning in a networked culture. NYU Press. (Chapter 4)
  • Joseph, A. (2005). Making news: Women in journalism (2nd ed.). Penguin Books India.
  • Joseph, A., & Sharma, K. (Eds.). (2006). Whose news? The media and women’s issues (2nd ed.). Sage.
  • Kraidy, Marwan M. 2017. The Naked Blogger of Cairo: Creative Insurgency in the Arab World. Reprint edition. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
  • MacKinnon, Rebecca. 2013. Consent of the Networked: The Worldwide Struggle For Internet Freedom. Reprint edition. New York: Basic Books.
  • Manning, P. (2000). News and news sources: A critical introduction. Sage.
  • McChesney, R. W. (2013). Digital disconnect: How capitalism is turning the Internet against democracy. The New Press. (Chapters 4-5)
  • O’Neil, C. (2016). Weapons of math destruction. London: Penguin Random House.
  • Orwell, G. (1949). Nineteen eighty-four. London: Martin Secker & Warburg Ltd.
  • Pearlstine, N. (2007). Off the record: The press, the government, and the war over anonymous sources. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux.
  • Peters, C., & Broersma, M. (Eds.). (2016). Rethinking journalism again: Societal role and public relevance in a digital age. Taylor & Francis.
  • Porter, T. M. (1996). Trust in numbers: The pursuit of objectivity in science and public life. Princeton University Press.
  • Repnikova, Maria. 2018. Media Politics in China: Improvising Power under Authoritarianism. Cambridge University Press.
  • Rosen, J. (1997). Introduction: “We’ll Have That Conversation”: Journalism and Democracy in the Thought of James W. Carey. In Munson E. & Warren C. (Eds.), James Carey: A critical reader (pp. 191-206). University of Minnesota Press.
  • Salganik, M. (2017). Observing behavior. In Salganik, M. J. (Ed.), Bit by bit: Social research in the digital age (pp. 13-83). New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
  • Sharma, K. (Ed.). (2010). Missing: Half the story: Journalism as if gender matters. New Delhi: Zubaan.
  • Silverstone, R. (2006). Media and morality: On the rise of the mediapolis. Policy. (Chapter 2: Mediapolis or the Space of Appearance)
  • Singer, Jane B., David Domingo, Ari Heinonen, Alfred Hermida, Steve Paulussen, Thorsten Quandt, Zvi Reich, and Marina Vujnovic. 2011. Participatory Journalism : Guarding Open Gates at Online Newspapers. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Sontag, S. (2003). Regarding the pain of others. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux.
  • Steele, Janet. 2018. Mediating Islam: Cosmopolitan Journalisms in Muslim Southeast Asia. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  • Storsul, T., & Krumsvik, A. H. (Eds.) (2013). Media innovations: A multidisciplinary study of change. Nordicom. (Chapter 1)
  • Van Zoonen, L. (2002). One of the girls?: The changing gender of journalism. In C. Carter, G. A. Branston, & S. Allan (Eds.), News, gender and power (pp. 45-58). Routledge.
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  • Duffy, M., Thorson, E., & Vultee, F. (2009, August). Advocating advocacy: Acknowledging and teaching journalism as persuasion. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Boston, MA.
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