Working Papers


Autonomy and Regulatory Frameworks of Public Service Media in the Triangle of Politics, the Public and Economy

A Comparative Approach


Eva Nowak

Traditional regulatory frameworks for public service broadcasters in Europe are challenged by developments in media technology, media use, and media economy. European states react in very different ways to these challenges emphasising political, public, or economic objectives in their regulation. This study analyses the influencing factors on PSM regulatory frameworks in France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.