Trust, misinformation, and the declining use of social media for news: Digital News Report 2018
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Egypt’s revolutionary uprising in 2011 raised important questions about the kind of journalism that would be viable in the country’s changing political dynamics.
Suddenly the output of bloggers, online radio and social media news operations, which had all formed part of the groundswell of action against dictatorship and repression, posed an explicit challenge to journalists in state-run and commercial media companies who were more directly subject to government controls.
Madhav Chinnappa is a member of the Reuters Institute Advisory Board.
He is the Director of Strategic Relations for News and Publishers, working on partnerships and collaboration between Google and the news industry. Most recently, he launched the Digital News Initiative, which is Google's overarching framework for engagement with the European news ecosystem. He joined Google in 2010 to focus on Google News and Magazines in the EMEA regions. He has worked in the news industry since 1994 - first in the launch team of Associated Press Television (APTV), a year in M&A at United News and Media and spent over nine years at BBC News, latterly as Head of Development and Rights.
This report presents an analysis of news and media use in a range of markets in the Asia-Pacific region. It is based on a survey of online news users.
The report expands the work presented in the 2016 Reuters Institute Digital News Report by complementing data from that survey of 26 countries with additional data from a pilot survey of an additional four markets in the Asia-Pacific regions (Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore, and Taiwan).
We present here an overview of key trends in news media use across these four markets and compare the patterns observed with those found elsewhere in the Asia-Pacific region (Australia, Japan, South Korea) and in selected markets in Europe and North American (the UK and the US) to shed light on similarities and differences.
Lord Barnes is a Chair of the Reuters Institute Advisory Board.
Chris Patten was born in 1944 and educated at St Benedict’s School (Ealing) and Balliol College (Oxford). He was Director of the Conservative Research Department (1974-79), MP for Bath (1979-92), a Minister (1983-92), and Chairman of the Conservative Party (1990-92).
From 1992-97 he was Governor of Hong Kong; and from 1998-99 Chairman of the Independent Commission on Policing in Northern Ireland. He was European Commissioner for External Affairs (1999-2004); and Chairman of the BBC Trust (2011-2014).
He was made a Companion of Honour in 1998, and a Life Peer in 2005. He has written ‘The Tory Case’, ‘East and West’, ‘Not Quite The Diplomat’ and ‘What Next? – Surviving the 21st Century’.
He became Chancellor of the University of Oxford in 2003 and is co-chair of the UK-India Round Table. He is a board member of Bridgepoint, Russell Reynolds and EDF.
The business of journalism is widely held to be in serious crisis today, in particular because of the rise of the internet. This has potentially disastrous consequences for forms of democratic politics that have evolved hand-in-hand with private-sector mass media as we have known them in the twentieth century.
Reuters Institute research from around the world critically evaluates the notion of crisis, identifying both the common underlying cyclical, technological and long-term challenges that commercial news media organisations around the world face and the important, persistent national differences in audience demand, market structure and media regulation that suggest different likely future scenarios for different countries.
Sylvie Kauffmann is a member of the Reuters Institute Advisory Board.
She is a lead writer and columnist at Le Monde, writing a weekly column on global affairs. She is also a contributing writer at the International New York Times. She was Editor-in-Chief of Le Monde from 2010-11 including during the Wikileaks collaboration with El Pais, The Guardian and the New York Times. She has worked at Le Monde since 1988 and has reported from the US, Eastern Europe and Asia.
The Digital News Report is a comprehensive overview of the state of digital news around the world. This year, 70,000 people were surveyed across 36 markets on five continents to provide new insights into our digital news consumption. The 2017 report comes amid intense soul-searching in the news industry about fake news, failing business models, and the power of platforms. And yet our research casts new and surprising light on some of the prevailing narratives around these issues.
Photo by Elyse Marks
In recent years, media coverage of the European Union has faced its most serious test. The crisis in the euro currency has thrown into sharp relief the shortcomings of a style of reporting too often unable to engage the interest of audiences broader than political, academic and diplomatic elites. Also under the spotlight is a method of journalism geared largely towards reporting on relations between the EU and the country that the news organisation serves. Reuters Institute research, based on extensive interviews with EU correspondents, editors, and public relations and other EU executives, reveals for the first time how the powerful group of institutions at the heart of the Union are covered – or not covered. Exploring the difficulties in reporting on a multinational institution, the research highlights the struggle to develop a modern, engaging journalism capable of fully holding the EU system to account.
Increasingly governments around the world are experimenting with initiatives in transparency or ‘open government’. These involve a variety of measures including the announcement of more user-friendly government websites, greater access to government data, the extension of freedom of information legislation and broader attempts to involve the public in government decision making.
The role of the media in these initiatives has not hitherto been examined. Our research analyses the challenges and opportunities presented to journalists as they attempt to hold governments accountable in an era of professed transparency. In examining how transparency and open government initiatives have affected the accountability role of the press in the US and the UK, we also explore how policies in these two countries could change in the future to help journalists hold governments more accountable.
Ritu is a member of the Reuters Institute Advisory Board.
Ritu pioneered Citizen Journalism on Indian Television in 2008 when she launched The CJ show on CNN IBN (an English news channel). The platform aimed to democratise news on television, enabling every Indian to contribute and raise issues, using the mobile phone as the news gathering tool.
The Citizen Journalist Show won several awards including the Asian Television Awards in the Best Cross Platform Content (for three consecutive years from 2010-2012), the Best Current affairs show on Indian Television Awards, Best Social Development Campaign on National Television Awards and the Big Idea of the Year in its launch year as part of the Indian Telly Awards.
An activist of sorts in her college days (St. Stephen’s College) Ritu’s interest in media for social change was whetted when she did her masters in Film and TV production at the Mass Communication Research Center (MCRC) at Jamia University in New Delhi.
Martin “Marty” Baron is a member of the Reuters Institute Advisory Board.
He became Executive Editor of The Washington Post in January 2013, overseeing print and digital news operations. The Post won two Pulitzer Prizes in 2014, including the public service medal for stories on NSA surveillance.
Baron had been editor of The Boston Globe for almost 12 years, during which it won six Pulitzer prizes, including the public service medal for disclosing the cover-up of sexual abuse in the Catholic Church.
He also was editor of The Miami Herald and held top positions at The New York Times and The Los Angeles Times. He holds BA and MBA degrees from Lehigh University.
Campbell Brown is a member of the Reuters Institute Advisory Board.
She is the founder and editor-in-chief of The Seventy-Four (the74.org), a non-profit, non-partisan news site covering education in America. She contributes to The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, Time, Politico and The Daily Beast, as well as her own site. During the past presidential campaign, she was a regular guest anchor and commentator on 'With All Due Respect', hosted by Mark Halperin and John Heilemann, airing on Bloomberg News and MSNBC. She also frequently appears on 'Morning Joe' on MSNBC.
Previously, Brown was an anchor for CNN and NBC News. At CNN, she hosted 'Campbell Brown,' a daily prime-time news program that aired at 8pm, ET. During the 2008 presidential campaign, Brown moderated two of the presidential primary debates. That year Brown, with CNN’s political team, won the prestigious Peabody Award for campaign coverage.
Mark Thompson is a member of the Reuters Institute Advisory Board.
He became president and chief executive officer of The New York Times Company in November 2012. Before joining the Times Company, Mr. Thompson served as Director-General of the BBC since 2004, where he reshaped the company to meet the challenge of the digital age. He also oversaw a transformation of the BBC itself, driving productivity and efficiency through the introduction of new technologies and bold organizational redesign. From 2002 to 2004, Mr. Thompson was CEO of Channel 4 Television Corporation and before that the Director of BBC Television.
Alexandra Föderl-Schmid is a member of the Reuters Institute Advisory Board.
She is co-publisher and Editor-in-Chief of the print and online edition of the Austrian daily Der Standard. The first woman in Austrian history to have held such a post, she previously reported extensively on European issues, including the wars in former Yugoslavia and EU enlargement.
She is a graduate of the Wels Journalism School and gained her master degree at the University of Salzburg followed by a doctorate in Communications Studies, also from the University of Salzburg. She has reported extensively on European issues, mainly from a base in Germany.
She was an APA/Geiringer journalist fellow at the Reuters Institute in 2005.